‘Remember’ is a confusing verb because learners get confused with infinitives and gerunds (~ing verbs behaving as nouns).

Remember + noun phrase

The easiest way of using ‘remember’ is with nouns or noun phrases.

I remember you.

I remember the time we went to the zoo.

Remember + infinitive

When an infinitive follows remember it refers to an uncompleted action (or an action not yet begun).

I must remember to post that letter tomorrow.

Did you remember to buy milk?

Remember + gerund

This refers to a completed action in one’s memory.

I can’t remember locking the door. I hope I did it.

I remember visiting Spain every time I drink sangria.

You can also use the present perfect after ‘remember’ by using ‘having’ followed by the participle form of the main verb.

I remember having sent the letter because I sent my mother’s birthday card at the same time.

Do you remember having read the play at school we went to the theater to watch Blood Brothers?

Stop to Think About Whether You Need to Stop Thinking

Stop Sign

Stop sign –

How to use ‘stop’ with another verb is difficult to remember for some students but there is an easy way to remember how to use it correctly.

Stop + infinitive

Using ‘stop’ with the infinitive (i.e. ‘stop to…’) means pausing because there is another different action that the person or thing does.

I had to stop to think about which way to go.

Will you stop to pick up some milk on the way home?

Stop + gerund

Using stop with a gerund (‘stop something) is generally used to talk about quitting something.

The doctor told him to stop smoking.

I need to stop working so hard.


Sometimes, using ‘’ verbs that are not gerunds but continuous verbs make things difficult. If the ‘~ing’ does not come at the end of the clause or is not followed by a noun phrase then you may have a case like the one below, which is stop + infinitive.

I had to stop cooking to answer the telephone.

In infinitive forms, ‘and’ often replaces ‘to’.

I had to stop and think about which way to go.

I hope you don’t need to stop to think too much about how to use this verb in the future.