The adverbs ‘absolutely’ and ‘exactly’ can sometimes be used in the same way but they do have different meanings; they are not exactly the same. Read on to find out how to use them.
‘Almost’ is a tough adverb to use. It describes similarity or quantities. However, it is often confused with ‘almost all’ and ‘almost everyone’.
Using the adverbs ‘just’, ‘only’ and ‘only just’ is just one of the troubles you face when using English.
‘Just’ indicates a limit or exclusion. In this case it can be replaced by ‘only’.
“I just invited you, not the others.”
It can indicate an action has taken place in the moment being talked about. This ‘just’ cannot be replaced by ‘only’.
“I just finished my homework before the film started on television.”
‘Only’ indicates a limit or exclusion. In this case it can be replaced by ‘just’.
“I only invited you, not the others.”
It can indicate an action has taken place in the moment being talked about. It cannot be replaced by ‘just’; ‘only’ means that it took a long time and/or a lot of effort, perhaps more than expected.
“I only finished my work at ten o’clock and had to hurry to catch the last bus.”
‘Only just’ tends to be used with past or present perfect tenses and means that an action has taken place in the moment being talked about. It is stronger than ‘just’ or ‘only’ used by themselves.
“Have you been waiting long?”
“No, I only just arrived, too.”
When you compare things there are three ways to do it:
Use an Adjectival Comparative to Compare the Things
Use an Adverbial Comparative to Compare an Action the Things Do
Compare Using Simple Statements
Adjectival comparatives come in the ‘-er/est’ form for short adjectives, ‘more/most ____’ form for long adjectives and for negative comparisons ‘not as ___’ and for equal comparisons ‘as ____’.
The one that causes the most mistakes is the ‘-er/est’ form. This is for short adjectives.
My car is faster than yours. I like your car, but mine is faster.
This is correct and has the two ways the comparative can be used. You could replace ‘faster’ with ‘better’, the ‘-er’ form of ‘good’ (the ‘-est’ for is ‘best’).
The following is a common error:
John is more taller than Jesung.
Do not use ‘more’ before an ‘-er’ comparative. ‘Worse/worst’ is in the ‘-er/est’ group, and next we shall look at the ‘-est’ form.
The Superlative, ‘-est’
When comparing three things or more, use a superlative.
The easiest way to be successful in love is studying English. It is easier than being rich and it is easier than being handsome or beautiful.
Some native speakers use the superlative to compare only two things but this is wrong.
‘More’ and ‘Most’
It’s easy to use ‘more’ and ‘most’ correctly by remembering that they come before long adjectives. ‘More’ is the comparative (similar to ‘-er’) and ‘most’ is the superlative (similar to ‘-est’).
Hyde Park is more relaxing than Green Park.
The most interesting museum in London is the British Museum.
Not As Difficult As You Think
Using ‘not as’ is simple.
My Volkswagen Golf was not as expensive as my dad’s Lamborghini.
Superman isn’t as fun as Batman. And Iron Man isn’t as fun, either.
As Easy As Pie
To compare things but saying they are equal, use ‘as’.
We both climbed that mountain. I’m just as tired as you.
Using adverbial comparatives is easy when you know how to use adjectival comparisons.
Usain Bolt runs faster than anyone.
My mother cooks more quickly than my father but my father cooks more messily.
The main difficulty here is knowing that fast is an adverb and also an adjective.
Sometimes you just need to use a normal statement clause to compare things.
Batman fights crime by using expensive equipment and gadgets but Superman fights crime using super powers.
Hopefully comparing things is clearer now than it was before. If you thought this was useful, why not leave a comment or share the post with a friend?